Military Register of Jeolla-do Province
A military register of Jeolla-do Province recording the personal details of individuals subject to military requisition. The personal details include name, affiliations, place ofesidence, age, face, beard, height, and scars, respectively. Faces were further categorized according to fie diffeent classificationsfor the presence and severity of pockmarks, often left as the vestiges of diseases like smallpox. The egister also lists the armored warships (Geobukseon 二龜船, 龜船, 羅州一龜船), runners (najang), and flag bearers stationed in the coastal regions of Jeolla-do Province, such as Muan, Mokpo, Yeonggwang, Yongam, and Garipo. At the end of the register is the signature of “Commander Kim” (節度使 金).
Republic of Korea / 1855 / paper
Papers of Maritime Customs
Maritime Customs (Haegwan) was an administrative institution that handled customs matters associated with import/export goods,just like a present-day customs house (Segwan). Since trade tariffs potect domestic industries and become part of a nation’s source of income, they are critical when it comes to trade relations with other countries. Following the signing of the Korea-Japan Treaty of 1876 (Ganghwado Joyak), Joseon maintained a tariff-free system for import/export trade with Japan. To ameliorate this unequal treaty, subsequent tariff negotiation were carried out with Japan. As a result, Incheon Maritime Customs Office was established on June 16, 1883,followed by customs offices iWonsan in October 1883 and in Busan Customs n November 1883, each conducting their own affairs.This document shows import/export items, tariffs, and the names of vessels at the Wonsan Customs Office at the time.
Republic of Korea / 1891, 1893 and such / paper
Fish Skin CraftworkGakgyesuri)
A handicraft of fish skin made by processing and decorating shark skin. When the skin is sleeked, a pattern like small drops of water appears. This pocessed skin was used to wrap and decorate various types of objects, such as eyeglass cases and furniture.
Republic of Korea / Joseon / wood and such
Painting of Joseon Royal Envoy Vessels
An anonymous painting showing the Joseon Royal Envoy Vessels entering a port of Japan. At the bottom left are high officials of the eoy heading to shore after changing to a smaller boat. The apanese wait for them on shore. This unattributed painting seems to combine two woks by Kano Tanshin (狩野探信, 1785–1835), “The oseon Royal Envoy vessels drawn on a Folding Screen” (朝鮮通信使船団図屏風), and is presumed to date from the 18th century.
Japan / 18th century / paper
The Joseon Royal Envoy Bongbyeolsigo (farewell draft poem)
A poem written by the Japanese upon sending off oyal envoys in 1811 (11th year of Sunjo). In the Year of the Ram, the Joseon Royal Envoy departed Dongnae on the 12th of the leap month and arrived on the 29th at Bujoong (府中 Fuchū) on Daemado Island, returning to Busan on July 3rd. The faewell poem (奉別都護李君) is written by Matsuzaki Godo (松崎慊堂), the preeminent Confucian scholar of Japan at the time, who was sent by the Japanese government to greet the Royal Envoy. He wrote this extended heptasyllabic farewell poem for the envoy Yi Myeon-Goo (李勉求). The poem praises Yi Myeon-Goo’s character and calligraphy, as well as longing after the farewell. The following farewell poem (恭賦短律八章遙奉寄), a regulated heptasyllabic poem, was composed on March 15th, prior to his departure for Dongnae, and thus it is assumed that Ueki Akira (植木晃) composed it for the Joseon Royal Envoy who was to leave for Daemado Island from Dongnae. The poem conveys praise for the great mark the royal enjoy will leave on Japan, and wishes for amity between the two countries.
Japan / 1811 / paper
The Joseon Royal Envoy Soochangsi (poem)
Exchange of poetry between royal envoy Seong Wan (成琬, 1639–?), an official litterateur sen to Japan in 1682 (second year of Tenna), secretary Yi Dam-ryeong (李聃齡, ?–?), and Yamada Genkin (山田原欽, 1666-1693). As expressed by the lines “A poet of Joseon came by ship and horse, such as a deity might ride, stirring new excitement around Japan (仙査驛馬載詩人 到處定知發興新),” for Japanese writers, literary interchange with Royal Envoys offeed a variety of interesting and meaningful opportunities. Such Korean-Japanese literary interchange by Royal Envoys became a sort of tradition, establishing a literary genre called “envoy travel literature.”
KOREA, Japan / 1683 / paper
Royal Edict to Jo Don
A secret royal edit (密符諭書) sent by King Yeongjo to Jo Don (趙暾), who served as the civil governor of Chungcheong-do Province, the provincial army/naval commander as well as governor, in 1756 (Yeongjo year 32). Jo Don received the order while serving as second royal secretary. He became governor of Chungcheong-do Province on February 4, 1756 (Yeongjo year 32) and served for about 8 months until October of the same year.
Republic of Korea / 1756 / paper
Captain Cook’s Voyages
The first edition of an accounts of Captain Cook’s Voyages. British explorer and navigator James Cook (1728–1779), widely known as “Captain Cook,” made three voyages to the Pacific Ocean and discovered new geographic information. Navigating through New Zealand and Australia, he reached Antarctica and discovered many Pacific islands, finally making a map of the Pacific cean. His first oyage was to New Zealand and Australia; the second voyage in 1772 reached the Antarctic Circle; and the third voyage included passage through the Bering Strait to reach the Arctic Ocean, from a departure point in the Pacific Ocean.During his third and final oyage, Cook returned for a period to the Hawaiian Archipelago, where he was killed in a confrontation with villagers. However, the remaining crew completed his final voyage and published an account of it.
England / 1773, 1777, 1784 / Paper, Leather
This is an early of the Haejwajeondi(海左全圖), madi during the jaseon dynasty. The periphery of the map depicts the history and geography of Old Joseon through Joseon. The map shows such features as mountain ranges, rivers, land routes, and boundaries of ‘Do’ (provinces). Notably, it also represents the seaways from the mainland to Dokdo, Ulleungdo, and Jejudo Islands.
Republic of Korea / the Late-Joseon Period / paper